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The Difference Between Psychological, Physiological Dependence And Addiction

People sometimes consider psychological addiction and physical addiction to a substance to be two separate phenomena. All addictions have psychological and physical symptoms no matter the substance involved.

psychological vs physiological dependence

Together, the two create a very debilitating and vicious addiction cycle that is notoriously difficult to break without professional help. Cravings are a key factor in psychological addictions, so it’s important for you to understand what they are. A craving is an intense desire for something and is one of the hallmarks of psychological dependence. Here, we will look at the differences between physical and psychological addiction in detail, so you know what you’re dealing with, and how best to tackle it. It is important to know that while we will separate physical and psychological addiction into sections to help explain each, the two types of addiction can and do overlap. But in a quality detox and rehab treatment program, you receive the help you need to free yourself from your dependencies.

Substances Associated With Psychological And Physical Dependence

For example, a person may feel as though he or she cannot go out in public or cope with emotions without psychological vs physiological dependence alcohol. Or, a person may be self-medicating an underlying mental health condition or unresolved trauma.

psychological vs physiological dependence

Physical substance dependence refers to the human body’s reliance on a substance to the point that the body cannot function properly without the substance. This type of dependence is often caused when a user builds a physical tolerance to a substance and starts taking more of the substance in order to attain the desired effects. A physically dependent user will experience physical withdrawal effects, or negative bodily reactions, like headaches, when the user stops using the substance. That’s why physical dependence requires a medical detoxification process to slowly wean the body off the substance. A mix of dehydration and malnutrition can be to blame for vomiting or an upset stomach. The physical symptoms of many drug addiction typically include some level of stomach pains or vomiting/nausea. Nausea and vomiting is specifically a physical issue which once again shows the difference between physical vs psychological dependence.

As a person becomes physically and psychologically dependent on a substance, it reprograms the brain, affecting the chemical composition by interfering with the normal function of neurotransmitters. The physiological element of addiction is when the brain chemistry is altered by the continued, heavy use of the substance. When we talk about physical effects of addiction, we mean how the body becomes addicted to the substance. Even with prescription medications like antidepressants and painkillers taken as directed, the body develops tolerance and dependence. Physical dependence happens when your body starts to rely on a substance to function.

Drug Dependence

It’s true that when you’re struggling with addiction, it can be a very lonely experience — especially when you’re dealing with both physical and psychological issues from drug addiction. Because physiological dependence is a warning sign, you’ll need to know how to spot it. For many, the withdrawal symptoms are the wakeup call they need to make changes. Therefore, if you wake up in the morning and are feeling symptoms of withdrawal, or they happen during the day , then you’ll need to make a change. Sana Lake Recovery Center is a Joint Commission Accredited addiction treatment program. We offer a safe and trustworthy facility for people struggling with substance abuse.

Does not mean the patient has a substance use disorder — it just means they need medication to have a higher quality of life. When drugs and alcohol take over and you need more and more of the substance, this will cause financial difficulties. This can happen when drugs are more important than other things in your life. You need to buy more and more drugs, leaving you with less and less money for life’s essentials. Refusing to believe there is an addiction problem is another social addict symptom. Believing the person can relinquish the substance at any time is another social symptom of an addict.

As your body gets used to whichever substances you’re taking, you’ll need more and more drugs to achieve the same effect. This then begins to have a greater impact on your body chemistry and brain function.

Treatment Requires Mind And Body Care

The user’s mind craves the substance, and the user may even be convinced he or she cannot function without the substance. This type of dependence requires rehabilitation, including therapy that generally teaching coping skills necessary to ward off compulsive behavior related to the use of the substance. For some folks dealing with both a physical and psychological dependence, the psychological side of things sometimes resolves on its own once the physical dependence is treated. The best approach typically involves working with a professional to either gradually taper off use or Sober living houses stop use altogether while under supervision to manage withdrawal symptoms. Some estimates suggest approximately 90 percent of people recovering from opioid addiction and 75 percent of people recovering from alcohol addiction or other substance addictions will have symptoms of PAWS. Psychological dependence is a term that describes the emotional or mental components of substance use disorder, such as strong cravings for the substance or behavior and difficulty thinking about anything else. Tolerance occurs when a person must use the drug at larger doses to get the desired effect.

  • Rehabilitation uses various types of therapy to teach users skills and coping techniques.
  • Physical dependence is predictable, efficiently managed with medication, and can sometimes be managed by a tapering off of the substance or through participation in a medical detox program.
  • Reach out to us today to find out more about sober living in Delray Beach, Florida.
  • However, you can still choose to not take the substance while dealing with these triggers — with addiction, it’s almost impossible to not take the substance when in these situations.
  • •According to the World Health Organization guidelines for patients with moderate or severe pain, morphine has been used as a “gold standard” treatment for cancer pain.
  • Because addiction is psychological and physical, a treatment program needs to address both issues simultaneously.

You can also experience both physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Dependence refers to the process by which your mind and body come to depend on a substance so you keep feeling a certain way. This tends to result in withdrawal symptoms when you stop using the substance. As mentioned before, mood swings are usually a big part of a person’s addiction. It is not uncommon to see addicts dealing with constant anger or agitation. When discussing physical vs psychological dependence, anger/agitation is regarded as a physical symptom of addiction. Anger during addiction usually happens because the person may feel hopeless or frustrated that they may never be able to overcome their addiction.

Addiction Treatment Programs At The Ranch Pa

Addiction treatment is the best way to get help and overcome your dependency or addiction. If the substance use is hurting you, damaging your relationships, interfering with school or work, or causing legal problems, and you continue to seek the drug, that’s likely an addiction. In most cases, the presence of an addiction is determined by noticeable negative consequences to one’s life. It’s even possible to be dependent on a drug without being addicted to it. These all indicate that the mind is out of balance and is struggling to adjust to life without the substance. Though dependence and addiction are often used interchangeably, they aren’t the same thing.

psychological vs physiological dependence

The CDC reports that more than two million Americans were dependent on prescription opiates in 2014. The United Nations recently released the World Drug Report 2016, which indicated that there are more than 29 million people worldwide who suffer from a serious drug use disorder. So, know that if you are Sober living houses struggling with an opiates addiction or other substance abuse disorder, know that you are not alone. Addiction, on the other hand, is a behavioral syndrome characterized by the compulsive and repeated seeking out or usage of a drug in spite of negative physical, psychological and/or social consequences.

Symptoms Of Psychological Addiction

By structuring treatment to fit individual needs, including the identification of co-occurring disorders, Burning Tree facilitates an environment of healing and holistic wellness. Here, our clients tackle their addictions head-on and harness the power to restructure their lives through high accountability and life skills that foster lasting sobriety. We specialize in treatment for the chronic relapser and believe that with the right tools, you can put an end to the cycle of addiction. When the addictive substance is not supplied, an individual who has already formed a psychological dependence will experience physical withdrawal symptoms. Addiction, there is a big difference between physical and psychological dependence. Physical dependence impacts your body while psychological dependence impacts your behavior.

What Makes A Drug Addictive?

There are a lot of terms involved that, while related, mean different things. If you decide to skip the coffee one morning, you’ll probably have a pounding headache and feel generally crummy later in the day.

Success is most likely when a person opts for a long-term treatment program with ongoing support. You can overcome any struggle – including your substance abuse problem – if you have the right help from qualified professionals. Give effects of alcohol yourself the freedom of recovery by turning things around today. It’s possible to be both physically dependent and psychologically dependent on a substance. We know that finding an addiction treatment program can be challenging.

12th abril, 2021 |